Cornish Folk Tradition: Songs Music Dance and Associated Customs
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Cornish Dance: Cornish Squire

John Playford (1623-1686) and his son Henry (1657-1707) published their Dancing Master book in successive editions for 70 years from 1651 to 1728. They put into print for the first time traditional and contemporary dances with associated tunes. The Cornish Squire is included in the 1685 edition of the Dancing Master. There is no indication as to the origins of the dance or why it is called the 'Cornish' Squire, but it has been adapted to a Cornish style and incorporated into the into the repertoire of Cornish dances, for demonstrations and troyls for the past 30 years.
Formation: Three couples in a longways set
Step One, Two, Three Hop throughout  
Bars    
1-8
Head couple swing once around by the right arm, then cast one place on own side to end up: lady, between second couple, all facing up the dance, hands held in line; thus, gentleman, between third couple, all facing down the dance, hands held in line. Couples hold hands in their line of three, and all dance two steps forward and two steps back, to finish with the dancing lady and gentleman facing the person on their right hand side.
Cornish Squire
9-16
Each of the lines of three reel (beginning the reel by passing right shoulders). During the last two bars of the reel the dancing couple leave the reel to take both hands with their partner and turn, ending with them facing the top of the dance, lady in her partner's right hand
17-24
Head couple dance between second couple and cast one place. Lady passes in front of gentleman and they dance a figure of eight around third couple to finish in third place.
  The dance is repeated with couples number 2 and 3 dancing as the head couple.
  Tune: Polka  
  Jim Pengelly wrote the tune included here especially to go with the dance in 1984. Click for midi file
     
     
     
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